Mario Draghi has been President of the European Central bank from November 2011 to November 2019. In his capacity as President, Mario Draghi chaired the Executive Board, the Governing Council and General Council of the European Central Bank, and was also the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board. He was also a member of the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements.
From 2006 to October 2011 he served as Governor of the Banca d’Italia. In April 2006 he was elected Chairman of the Financial Stability Forum (later the Financial Stability Board), and served in that function until November 2011.
Prior to taking the helm of the Banca d’Italia, he was Vice Chairman and Managing Director at Goldman Sachs International, and a member of the firm-wide Management Committee (2002-2005). He was Director General of the Italian Treasury (1991-2001), Chairman of the European Economic and Financial Committee (2000-2001), and Chairman of the OECD’s Working Party No 3 (1999-2001). From 1984 to 1990 he was an Executive Director of the World Bank.
Until 1990 he served as Professor of Economics at the University of Florence. He graduated from the Sapienza University of Rome in 1970 and in 1977 received his PhD in Economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.